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Jewish-Muslim Relations Research Guide for Use with the Exhibit "Besa: Muslims Who Saved Jews During the Holocaust"

The purpose of this research guide is to provide library resources that will assist visitors in exploring additional information on various Holocaust- and genocide-related topics. The research guide is created using materials that are located in Holocaust Museum Houston library collections. This guide is not meant to be exhaustive. The annotations provided will help users determine the materials' focus and library location. These materials may also be found in a local public or university library. Contact your local library or librarian for assistance in locating materials.

Besa: Muslims Who Saved Jews during World War II, by Norman H. GershmanBesa
Syracuse University Press 2008
This book contains photographic portraits with text that tell the stories of 58 Albanian Muslims who rescued Jews during World War II. The stories are personal recollections provided by the rescuers.
D804.65 .G44 2008 – In General Collection

Besa Muslims Who Saved Jews in World War II: the Photographs of Norman H. Gershman
International Besa Foundation 2004
Norman H. Gershman traveled to Albania in 2004 to document the stories of the Albanian families who saved the lives of 2,000 Jews during the German occupation of Albania. Gershman documented the families through photographs. This DVD compiles the photographs with narration, provided by Gershman, to provide a moving portrait of a nation and culture that assisted those in danger during the Holocaust.
DVD 129 – In AV Collection

Besa, a Code of Honor: Muslim Albanians Who Rescued Jews during the Holocaust, by Norman Gershman
Yad Vashem 2007
Photographic portraits with text tell the stories of 17 Albanian Muslims who rescued Jews during World War II. The stories are personal recollections provided by the rescuers. This book is Yad Vashem’s exhibition catalog that accompanied its Besa exhibit.
D804.65 .G43 2007 – In General Collection

The Grand Mosque of Paris: A Story of How Muslims Saved Jews During the Holocaust, by Karen Gray Ruelle and Deborah Durland DeSaix
Holiday House 2008
Written for ages eight and up, this book tells the story of French Muslims who provided refuge for many Jews during World War II in the Grand Mosque of Paris. The book contains illustrations, a glossary, a bibliography and recommended books and films.
JUV D804.65 .R84 2008 – In Juvenile Collection

Escape Through the Balkans: the Autobiography of Irene Grunbaum, translated and edited with an introduction by Katherine Morris
University of Nebraska Press 1996
Irene Grunbaum was Jewish and living in Belgrade, Germany during World War II. She wrote her memoir shortly after the war, describing her journey during World War II fleeing Belgrade to Albania.
DS135 .B33 G73 1996 – In General Collection 

Rescue in Albania: One Hundred Percent of Jews in Albania Rescued from the Holocaust, by Harvey Sarner
Brunswick 1997
This book provides a brief history of Albania and calls attention to Albania’s role in assisting Jews from persecution during World War II.
DS135 .A29 S272 1997 - In General Collection
The Righteous Among the Nations, by Mordecai Paldiel with a foreword by Elie Wiesel,  preface by Avner Shalev and introduction by Israel Gutman and Mordecai Paldiel
Harper Collins 2007
This book details the stories of rescuers of Jews during World War II who were honored by Yad Vashem, Israel’s memorial to Jewish Holocaust victims. It contains 150 stories presented in their full version. Each story is a narrative providing the background, conditions and heroic acts whose end result was saving human lives against all odds. It includes rescuers from Albania and Muslim rescuers. The book contains a history of Yad Vashem’s Righteous Among the Nations program, an index of rescuers, the rescued, place names mentioned index, rescuers by country of origin and a bibliography.
D804.65 .P349 2007 – In General Collection

The Encyclopedia of the Righteous Among the Nations: Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust, by Israel Gurman, Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem 2004
Yad Vashem, Israel’s memorial to Jewish Holocaust victims, honors individuals who rescued Jews during World War II. This encyclopedia compiles the individuals that Yad Vashem has honored. Each entry includes descriptions of the original contact, aid extended, material compensation (if any), dangers and risks faced by the rescuer at the time, motivations (e.g., friendship, altruism, religious belief), availability of evidence from the rescued persons and other relevant data authenticating each story. The compilation includes Albanian rescuers. This resource is, also, available electronically through Yad Vashem’s website at www1.yadvashem.org/righteous_new/vwall.html.
REF D804.65 E5313 – In Reference Collection

The Book of the Just: the Unsung Heroes Who Rescued Jews from Hitler, by Eric Silver
Grove Press 1992
This book uses personal testimony, the archives and Yad Vashem's Righteous Among the Nations program to tell the story of 40 rescuers during World War II, including Albanian rescuers. The book contains illustrations, a bibliography, end notes and an index. 
D804.3 .S585 1992 – In General Collection
Heroes of the Holocaust, by Ted Gottfried; illustrations by Stephen Alcorn
Twenty-First Century Books 2001
Written for young adults, this book provides information on the origins of the Holocaust and the heroes. The heroes are defined as those individuals who performed amazing feats at incredible risk to themselves and their loved ones. The chapter "The Heroic Impulse" covers Muslim rescuers. The book contains illustrations, a glossary and an index.  
REF D804.6 .G68 2001 – In Reference Collection

The Routledge Atlas of the Holocaust, by Martin Gilbert
Routledge 2002
Using primary and secondary resources, Martin Gilbert created more than 314 maps to provide a chronological presentation of how the Holocaust evolved. The atlas documents communities destroyed, acts of resistance, revolt, escape, rescue and the fate of individuals. It includes a bibliography and index.
REF G1797.21.E29 G583 2002 – In Reference Collection
Historical Atlas of the Holocaust, by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 1995
This atlas uses more than 230 maps with text to present a visual survey of each phase of the Holocaust, beginning with antisemitic violence before the war and ending with post-war Europe (1945-1950). The atlas presents the Holocaust in geographic detail chronologically.
REF G1797.21 .E29 H5 1995 – In Reference Collection
The Righteous: the Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust, by Martin Gilbert
Henry Holt and Company 2003
This book uses first-person accounts, Yad Vashem’s Righteous Among the Nations program and archival resources to tell the stories of rescuers during World War II. The stories are arranged by geographic location. The chapter "Central Europe and the Balkans" contains stories on Muslims. The book contains illustrations, a bibliography, foot notes and an index.
D804.65 .G45 2003 – In General Collection

When Courage was Stronger than Fear: Remarkable Stories of Christians and Muslims who Saved Jews from the Holocaust, by Peter Hellman 
MJF Books 2004
This book profiles seven rescuers, each from a different country. Each rescuer, at the time, was still living and able to participate in the creation of the book. A chapter documents a Muslim family that rescued Jews during the Holocaust. It contains illustrations and a source list.
D804.65 .H45 2004 – In General Collection

Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands, by Robert Satloff
PublicAffairs 2006
This book chronicles Robert Satloff’s journey to locate Muslim rescuers of Jews in North Africa and Europe during World War II. It provides a brief history of World War II in North Africa and transitions to telling stories about Muslim rescuers. The book contains illustrations, notes, a bibliography and an index.
DS 135 .A68   S28 2006 – In General Collection

Research Strategies

The terms below are Library of Congress subject headings. Using the terms in library catalogs and electronic search tools will retrieve relevant materials. 

  • Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust — Albania
  • World War, 1939-1945 — Jews — Rescue — Albania
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) — Albania
  • Islam — Relations — Judaism — Albania
  • World War, 1939-1945 — Jews — Rescue — Arab countries
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) — Arab countries
  • Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust — Arab countries
  • Islam — Relations — Judaism — Arab countries
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