Medical Ethics and the Holocaust How Healing Becomes Killing: Eugenics, Euthanasia and Extermination


September 7, 2007 through February 3, 2008
Mincberg Gallery, Holocaust Museum Houston

Before the Nazis made murder efficient in the gas chambers, there first were the unspeakable “mercy deaths” to purge Germany of its population with cognitive and developmental disabilities. Code-named "Operation T4," the street address of the Berlin headquarters, Tiergartenstraße 4, from September 1939 until August 1941, German and Austrian medical institutions executed many of Germany’s most vulnerable citizens. This campaign and the “wild euthanasia” program that followed resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 individuals.

This HMH-curated exhibition will provide historical documentation of the role played by scientists, physicians and government officials and will describe activities at the killing centers of Brandenburg, Grafeneck, Hartheim, Sonnenstein, Bernburg and Hadamar.

This exhibit and accompanying catalogue is generously underwritten by Gateway Logistics Group, Inc.; Lufthansa Airlines; and Dr. Sheldon and Linda Rubenfeld; with special thanks to Continental Airlines, official airline of Holocaust Museum Houston.


The prison building in Brandenburg, used for "euthanasia" killings in 1940. Courtesy: Museum in Frey-Haus, Brandenburg
The prison building in Brandenburg, used for "euthanasia" killings in 1940. Courtesy: Museum in Frey-Haus, Brandenburg
Nazi propaganda poster promoting "racial hygiene."
Nazi propaganda poster promoting "racial hygiene." Nazi propaganda poster promoting "racial hygiene."
Hadamar killing center, as smoke rises from the crematorium. Courtesy of the Hadamar Memorial Site.
Hadamar killing center, as smoke rises from the crematorium. Courtesy of the Hadamar Memorial Site.
Gas chamber of the killing institution Pirna-Sonnenstein. Courtesy of the Memorial Site Pirna-Sonnenstein/Photographer
Gas chamber of the killing institution Pirna-Sonnenstein. Courtesy of the Memorial Site Pirna-Sonnenstein/Photographer Gas chamber of the killing institution Pirna-Sonnenstein. Courtesy of the Memorial Site Pirna-Sonnenstein/Photographer Juergen Loesel
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Holocaust Museum Houston
Morgan Family Center
9220 Kirby Drive, Suite 100
Houston, TX 77054
Phone: 713-942-8000



Holocaust Museum Houston is a member of the Houston Museum District Association and is located in Houston's Museum District.

Holocaust Museum Houston is an accredited member of the American Alliance of Museums.

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Guided tours are available for all visitors on Saturday and Sunday at 12:30 p.m. and 2:30 p.m.

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